Images: Slim Films


DRAG ON A GOLF BALL comes mainly from air-pressure forces. This drag arises when the pressure in front of the ball is significantly higher than that behind the ball. The only practical way of reducing this differential is to design the ball so that the main stream of air flowing by it is as close to the surface as possible. This situation is achieved by a golf ball's dimples, which augment the turbulence very close to the surface, bringing the high-speed airstream closer and increasing the pressure behind the ball. The effect is plotted in the chart, which shows that for Reynolds numbers achievable by hitting the ball with a club, the coefficient of drag is much lower for the dimpled ball.